MANDARIN PHONETIC SYMBOLS

TRADITIONAL TAIWANESE

CHINESE MANDARIN PHONETIC SYMBOLS

International Phonetic Alphabet- IPA

Pinyin is the official romanization system used for Standard Chinese in mainland China and to some extent in Taiwan

 

Zhuyin 

Zhuyin Fuhao, or zhuyin / bopomofo, represents a sound-based type of writing for the Chinese language.

In Chinese language, "bo", "po", "mo" and "fo" are the first four of the conventional ordering of available syllables.

Together the four syllables have been used to refer to many different phonetic systems.

Zhuyin was made to closely represent the sounds of Chinese Mandarin. The symbols are divided into two categories:

  1.  Initials (the first sounds in a syllable).
  2.  Finals (the main vowel,the glide consonants ([y/i; IPA:/j/] and [w/u; IPA:/w/]) that come before the main vowel and all the sounds that come after it).

 

There are 4 tone marks to represent the 5 Mandarin tones.